Explained india missile power comparison china pakistan drdo


New Delhi. China in the past hypersonic glide vehicle with Hypersonic Missile The world was surprised by the successful test of Although reports show that it was found in the test that it went round the world, but it missed its target by a few kilometers. let’s understand that India Missile Technology What is the position in the case of . If we talk about missile technology in the world, then India ranks among the top 5 countries. But still we are far behind America, Russia and China in terms of technology.

What is the history of missile technology in India
Before independence, there were many empires in India which used rockets in war technology. Hyder Ali, the king of Mysore, introduced his army to iron armored rockets in the mid-18th century. Until the death of Haider’s son Tipu Sultan, a rocket wielder was attached to every detachment of his army. According to an estimate, there were about 5000 rocket runners in his team.

At the time of independence, India did not have indigenous missile capability. The Government of India created the Special Arms Department in 1958. This later became the Defense Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL) ie Defense Research and Development Laboratory, which was shifted from Delhi to Hyderabad in 1962.

According to a media report, official records of the DRDO laboratory show that in 1972, the development of a surface-to-surface medium-range missile was started under the name Project Devil. A large number of testing facilities and infrastructure were built during this period. By 1982, DRDL was working on several missile technologies under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IDMDP) i.e. Integrated Guided Missile Development Program.

What type of missile does India have?
As far as indigenously designed and developed missiles are concerned, India ranks among the top five countries. However, in terms of range, India is far behind the US, China and Russia. Among the surface-launched missiles- Anti-Tank Guided Missile Nag is already included in the army. According to the news published in the Indian Express, Nag is the only fire and forget ATGM that works in all weather within its range (20 km). Recently Heli Nag was tested which can be operated from helicopter. It is expected to join the army by 2022. There is also a stand-off anti-tank (SANT) missile which has a range of more than 10 km. It was tested on December 11 from an Indian Air Force helicopter. It has a millimeter wave seeker, which enhances the ability to find the target in any kind of weather.

surface-to-air missile The short ranged SAM system Akash has already been inducted into the Air and Army. The army has already got the necessary approval from the government for Akash 1. The first test of Aakash (New Generation) was done in July this year. Some more tests are yet to be done.

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Medium Rand Sam- A medium range SAM ie Surface to Air missile has been ordered for the Navy. The 2204 Squadron of the Air Force stationed in Jaisalmer is the first unit to have received the Medium Range SAM in September this year. Its technology for the army is being worked out well and it will be tested soon.

short range sam The first flight test for the Navy has been conducted successfully.

air-to-air blower Astra, India’s Beyond Visual Range Air to Air Missile (BVRAAM) ie a missile that hits an invisible target has been tested and is in the process of being inducted. Its range is about 100 km. DRDO is trying to introduce it to the Air Force platform. Which also includes the indigenously developed Light Combat Aircraft Tejas. A long-range weapon is also being developed, the initial trials of which have been conducted. Solid fuel ramjet technology is used in this missile, which increases its speed further.

air-to-ground striker – Rudram is a new generation anti-radiation missile (NGRAM), whose initial trials have been completed. And soon some more tests will be done. Its maximum range will be up to 200 km. This missile mainly targets enemy communications, radar and surveillance systems. It was tested last year from Sukhoi-30 MKI fighter jet. At the same time, BrahMos, jointly developed with Russia, is already being operated. It has a range of 300 to 500 km. And it is a short-range, ramjet-powered, single warhead, supersonic anti-ship and ground-attack cruise missile. Recently, a supersonic missile supported torpedo system was launched. It carried the torpedo and carried it over a long distance. This will increase the anti-submarine capability of the Navy with a range of 400 km.

Which missile system of India is most important
The two most important missile systems of India are Agni and Prithvi. Both Strategic Forces are using the command. Agni (5000 km range) is the only inter-continental ballistic missile contender from India, which is presently with only a few countries. Prithvi, however, is a short-range surface-to-surface 350 range missile. India has also tested an anti-satellite system in April 2019. The improved anti-ballistic missile named Prithvi Defense Vehicle Mk 2 has been used to kill satellites located in low orbit. With this, India just lags behind America, China and Russia in terms of missiles.

what is hypersonic technology
India has been working on this technology for a few years, DRDO successfully test-fired Hypersonic Technology Demonstrated Vehicle (HSTDV) on September 2020. and demonstrated its hypersonic air-breathing scramjet technology. If sources are to be believed, so far only Russia has been able to demonstrate its hypersonic capability. At the same time, China has presented its HGV capability. India expects to have a medium to long range hypersonic weapon system in the next four years.

China and Pakistan compared to India
According to the report, a report in the Pentagon in 2020 suggests that China is either at par with or surpassing the US in terms of ground-based conventional ballistic and cruise missile capability. China’s missile capability can become a cause of concern for us. But it is not that India is not working on it, or India does not have the capability, but the tests done in the past show that India will develop soon. On the other hand, China is sharing its technology with Pakistan, but acquiring a technology and working on it and developing it is a completely different matter.

Tags: India Defense, Missile

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