New Delhi. In the report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG), it has been found that 78 percent of the drinking water units were working without the No Objection Certificate (NOC) issued by the Central Ground Water Board. This report was presented in the Parliament on Tuesday. Along with this, the report also mentions the lack of facilities to monitor the groundwater level or ground water in the country.
“Audit has found that in 15 states for which data was made available to audit, BIS licenses were issued to 3189 packaged drinking water units since 2013,” the report said. Out of these, only 642 proposers had obtained No Objection Certificates from CGWA/State Authorities for groundwater extraction. Thus, in 2475 out of 3189 cases i.e. 78 per cent of the licenses granted by BIS, the project proponents were working without obtaining NOC from CGWA.’
The report further said, ‘The department accepted (October 2019) that there was a difference in the number of NOCs obtained by the packaged drinking water units and the number of licenses granted by BIS. DoWR, RD & GR (Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation) further stated (September 2020) that CGWA had held meetings with FSSAI, in which it was agreed that those who do not have NOCs for extraction of ground water, FSSAI Will not issue license to those industries.
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It has been told in the report that there is no such provision in the BIS rules, under which it is necessary to obtain NOC from CGWA for the license of packaged drinking water units.
The CAG also found that out of 328 cases in 18 states, only 75 projects were functioning after obtaining necessary NOCs from state pollution control boards or committees. According to the report, ‘Thus 253 projects i.e. 77 percent were running without NOC’.
use of ground water
The percentage of groundwater use in relation to recharge is called the ‘stage of extraction’. In the country this figure was 63 percent. If this number goes above 100 percent, it indicates that the extraction or extraction has exceeded the recharge. The report states, ’13 states/UTs’ stage of extraction was higher than the national level. In four states/UTs (Delhi, Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan) the extraction level was more than 100 per cent. According to the CAG report, the level of groundwater extraction has increased by 58 to 63 percent during 2004 to 2017.
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